Udzungwa Mountains National Park is located in the southern part of Tanzania occupying an area of 1900 sq.km and are covered in thick lush rainforest. The Udzungwa Mountains belong to the Eastern Arc Mountain Range, which stretched along the eastern rift 165 million years ago. Then at the time Madagascar separated from Africa hence similarities in the rainforest and 6 million years ago West African rainforests isolated from Udzungwa rainforests and these events caused endemism as 25% of the plants are unique only to Udzungwa. It is no wonder that the mountains harbour plant species ranging from a tiny African violet to 30 meters high trees not found anywhere else in the world.
This uniqueness is also found in the wildlife and of the of 12 primates found in Udzungwa Mountains, four are endemic which include the Iringa red colobus monkey, the Sanje Crested Mangabey and Matunda galago. Apart from providing habitat to these species of primates, there are other primates such as the yellow baboons, blue monkeys and Angola colobus. Its plateau also contains populations of elephants, buffaloes, lions, leopard, African hunting dogs and several forest bird species.
Walking safaris to the Sanje River Waterfalls (170 m) is one of the popular activities in this park. The Sanje falls is a series of waterfalls that plunge over 300m in three separate stages and the largest section with a drop of 180m. Udzungwa Mountains can conveniently be combined with game drives in nearby Mikumi National Park which is only one hour drive to the north or included in the Ruaha National Park, four to five hours drive and Selous Game Reserve itineraries.
The park can be visited throughout the year although it tends to be slippery during the wet rainy season. The dry season extends from June to October.
The park is reached by driving from Dar es Salaam, Mikumi National Park or the Selous.